Selasa, 10 Januari 2017

SUNDAY RAINY NIGHT TRIP AND MONDAY MORNING RIDE

            One of my favorite thing is holiday. I was waiting for this moment came. Holiday is not completed without a trip. So I’ve decided to go to my grandmother’s house. My trip was challenging because I and my father went there at night. We were planning to see the unfinished Kertajati Airport and go to Paralayang spot at Majalengka city.
            The trip was so exciting, challenging and sometimes it was boring. I couldn’t see through the window clearly because it was dark. At the half journey to the Majalengka, it started to rain. I remembered that I didn’t bring any umbrella or raincoat. I was afraid I would get wet. Along the trip I prayed that the rain could stop and we can continue without being worried.
            Nothing special with the bus which we used to go there. The special thing was the driver. I could never imagine how can a bus driver go with speed above 60 km/h at main province street. It was so narrow because the street is only about 15 meters wide. The weather was rainy and he was speeding… but he may think this habit is common bus driver habit.
            It was 10.30 p.m. and the weather was raining but not as heavy as before. We got off from the bus at the town square. We continued our journey on foot because there wasn’t any public transport. After a few steps from the town square, we arrived at grandma’s house. We ate rice and egg after we cleaned up. And then, we slept for our next journey.
            Next day, we started our day by praying at the mosque. The water was so cold there because of the climate. I was so excited because we would go to the Kertajati and Paralayang spot. The first destination was my grandfather’s cemetery. It has been a long day since I met my grandpa.
            We went to Kertajati by motorcycle. Less traffic junction was my favorite thing. I was riding with high speed with an automatic transmission. In fact, It wasn’t my favorite motorcycle. The road was tricky and the most damaged road was the airport gate. We took some photo there. The runway was so wide and it would be the legal airport replacing Husein airport.


To be continued………….

Selasa, 25 Oktober 2016

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Ginger

  Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual stems about a meter tall bearing narrow green leaves and yellow flowers. Ginger is in the family Zingiberacea to which also belong turmeric (Curcuma longa), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal. Ginger originated in the tropical rainforest in Southern Asia. Although ginger no longer grows wild, it is thought to have originated on the Indian subcontinent. The ginger plants grown in India show the largest amount of genetic variation. The larger the number of genetic variations, the longer the plant is thought to have grown in that region. Ginger was exported to Europe via India in the first century AD as a result of the lucrative spice trade and was used extensively by the Romans.

Characteristic of Ginger
            
  General Characteristics of Ginger Plants are rod shape in the form of pseudo stem, with a height of 30 cm to 1 m. Ginger rhizome when cut yellow or orange. Pointed leaves elongate, with a length of 15-23 mm and a width of 8-15 mm. Petiole hairy, long 2-4 mm; aloe leaf elongated shape, length 7.5 to 10 mm, and lint.

Flowers grow out of the ground like shoots, egg-shaped or round rod, with a length of interest from 3.5 to 5 cm and a width of 1.5 to 1.75 cm. Flower stalks almost hairless, length 25 cm, rarely hairy; scales on the handle are 5-7 pieces. Bract inverted egg circular, rounded at the ends, not fluffy, bright green, length 2.5 cm, width of 1 to 1.75 cm.

Corolla tubular 2 to 2.5 cm, shaped somewhat pointy, yellow-green, long 1,5 - 2,5 mm, width of 3 - 3.5 mm, lips purple, dark, mottled yellowish white, length of 12-15 mm; purple anthers, length of 9 mm. 




Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Zingeberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Zingiber
Species: Z. officinale

Types of Ginger Plants
 
Ginger plants are generally known three varieties of ginger, namely:
 
1. Ginger white / yellow, ginger or ginger sunti
 

The rhizome is small, slightly flat to slightly bulging. Ginger is always harvested after old age. Content of volatile oils is greater than the ginger, so the taste is more spicy, in addition to high fiber. Ginger is suitable for herbs, or to extract oleoresin and essential oil.   

2. Red Ginger Red rhizomes and smaller than the small white ginger. just as little ginger, red ginger always harvested after the old, and also contains the same essential oil with ginger small, making it suitable for herbs.  


  

3. Ginger white / yellow big, ginger or ginger rhino Rhizome is bigger and fatter, more bulging rhizome segments from the two other varieties. This ginger species bias current consumed either young age or old age, either as fresh ginger or ginger preparations.  


Benefits of Ginger Rhizome 


               Ginger rhizome has been widely known since used as seasoning, flavor concentrates and flavor to foods such as bread, cakes, biscuits, confectionery and beverages. Ginger can also be used in the drug industry, perfume, traditional herbal medicine industry, processed into pickled ginger, made pickles, salad, bandrek, sekoteng and syrup. Besides, there are other processed products in the form of ginger and koresin astiri oil obtained by distillation. Essential oil of ginger is useful as mixing ingredients in alcoholic beverages, ice cream, a mixture of sausage and others
            Ginger can also be made as a biopesticide or natural pesticides. Today farmers use ginger as a pesticide to cope with chilli crop pests.
               The benefits in pharmacology, ginger can also be made as an herbal remedy that works, among others, are as a carminative (laxative fart), anti-vomiting, relief of spasms, anti-hardening of the blood vessels, laxative sweat, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and parasitic, anti pyretic, anti-rheumatic, and stimulate spending gastric juice and bile.



 Questions

1.       The chemical substances inside the ginger that makes ginger feels hot is…
a.       Zingiber
b.      Zingeris
c.       Zingeron
d.      Zingireceae
e.      Zinger
2.       The ginger was exported to Europe and used extensively by…
a.       Germans
b.      Romans
c.       English
d.      France
e.      Netherlands
3.       Pointed leaves can elongates until…
a.       15-24 mm
b.      15-25 mm
c.       16-23 mm
d.      15-23 mm
e.      16-24 mm
4.       The ginger leaves can be used for…
a.       Headache
b.      Toothache
c.       Stomache
d.      Skin whitening
e.      Tooth whitening
5.       Height of ginger plant is between…
a.       35-100 cm
b.      30-95 cm
c.       25-100 cm
d.      30-75 cm
e.      30-100 cm










Keys:
1.       C
2.       B
3.       D
4.       A
5.      


 



Selasa, 27 September 2016

The Borobudur Temple: Great History Inside It!


The Borobudur

source: id.wikipedia.org
The Borobudur Temple is a buddhist temple located in Magelang, Central Java. It was built in Syailedra Dynasty in the 9th century. The architecture is Javanese Budhhist, which blends the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. This temple is one of the 7 wonders of the world. This place was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.

source: Google Maps

The location of the temple is approximately 100 km southwest of Semarang city, 86 km to the west of Surakarta city, and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta city. Development stage Borobudur: The first stage, Borobudur construction period is uncertain (estimated at between 750 and 850 AD). Initially built storey apartment layout. It seems designed as a terraced pyramid. but later changed. As there is evidence that demolished apartment layout. The second stage, Borobudur foundation widened, plus two square steps and one step directly circle given a large parent stupas. The third stage, Railroad on a circle with a large parent stupas dismantled and removed and replaced three railroad circles. Stupas built on top of these steps with a large stupa in the middle. The fourth stage, There were minor changes such as the manufacture of relief changes stairs and arch over the door.




Kamadhatu The legs symbolize Kamadhatu Borobudur, the world is still controlled by kama or "low desire". This section is mostly covered by a pile of rocks that were allegedly made to strengthen the construction of the temple. At the foot of the original enclosed additional structure there are 160 panels Karmawibhangga story that is now hidden. A small part of the additional structure on the southeast corner set aside so people can still see some relief in this section. Structure andesite extra fee covering the legs of this original has a volume of 13,000 cubic meters.

Rupadhatu Four steps terraces that form the hallway around which the gallery walls decorated with reliefs by experts dinamakanRupadhatu. The floor is rectangular. Rupadhatu consists of four hall with 1,300 relief image. 2.5 km long relief entirely with 1,212 decorative carved panel. Rupadhatu is a world that has been able to break free from lust, but is still bound by the appearance and shape. This level represents the nature of which, between the underworld and the upper world. In part this Rupadhatu Buddha statues found in niches or niches in the wall on the balustrade or breezeway. Originally there were 432 Buddha statues in the niches open along the outer side on the balustrade.  On the balustrade there is little difference in design that symbolizes the transition from the realm to the realm Rupadhatu Kamadhatu; lowest balustrade crowned jewel, while four levels above the balustrade crowned stupika (small stupas). Part of this rectilinear terraces rich in ornament and carved reliefs.
Arupadhatu Unlike the hallways Rupadhatu rich in relief, from the fifth to the seventh floor walls are not berelief. This level is called Arupadhatu (which means no tangible form or not). Circular floor plan. This level represents the upper world, where people are free from all desires and bond forms and shapes, but have not reached nirvana. In the courtyard of the circle there are 72 two small stupas berterawang arranged in three rows that surround a large stupa as the main stupa. Small bell-shaped stupa is arranged in three terraces that circle each numbered 32, 24, and 16 (a total of 72 stupas). Two terraces Stûpa larger bottom rhombic holes, the top terrace Stûpa little smaller and a square box-shaped hole. Statues of Buddha placed in a stupa covered with holes like in a cage. From the outside the statues were still seem vague. 




Megantara: Art, Literature, and Culture Festival

           Hi! It's Nice To post an article again. Now I will tell to you about Megantara. Megantara is a festival made by SMA Negeri 3 Bandung. It was held on the 10th of September 2016 in Lapangan Bali. The ticket was not expensive, only Rp 35.000 you could enjoy everything inside it until 10.00 pm. The entertainer were from extracurricular of SMA Negeri 3 Bandung and guest stars. The guest stars were RAN and Changcuters. 
           At 7.00 am we had to do a convoy to promote Megantara to the citizens. The participants were from elementary school, kindergarten, and High school students. We started from Bali street pass through the merdeka street and went back to Bali street. I hate that thing because it was so exhausting. Although it was exhausting, it was fun too.
          The convoy was so great until i got an accident. Someone stepped on a milk box which contains a fermented milk and it was spraying on me. Not only me, but my friend sprayed too. So we ran to a nearest mosque to wash it out. After that, we went back to the Megantara gate. I was thinking about going home early. But I hadn't ate yet, so decided to stay there until 2 pm.
          When the clock shows at 12 pm, I went to that mosque to pray and took a some rest. After I took a rest, I ate at Megantara's Food place and when the clock shows at 2 pm, I went home. I was so sad because this accident made me shock and I hope there will be a festival like this next year.

Thats my experience. What about you? 

Jumat, 23 September 2016

World Tounament and Techno Festival

          Hi! It's been a long time since I wrote my last post and now I would like to share my experience at SMA Negeri 3 Bandung. The title of my experience is World Tournament and Techno Festival. What? Is it a kind of a OSN? Or maybe FLS2N? Or O2SN? No... It was an event made by The Students Organization of SMA Negeri 3 Bandung (OSIS). 
           This event was so great and awesome. It was held on the 20th of August 2016 at Lapangan Bali. Not Only at Lapangan Bali, but also at some places and they were so far. Where were the places? The places were at Centrum Music park (taman musik Centrum), SMAN 3 Bandung, Photo park (taman foto), and The Tongkeng park at Tongkeng street. And the participants was the 1st and the 2nd grader.
           First, we were divided into several teams, the 1st grader from X MIPA 1-X MIPA 10, and the 2nd grader. I was at X MIPA 3 team and we (me and my team) had to "fight" with the XI MIPA 3 and win the competition. Not only with the 2nd grader, we have to fight with another class. If we win, we would get a reward in the form a piece of puzzle. And if we lost, we got nothing. There were some "aliens" who brought a water baloon and we had to avoid them. If the aliens hit us with that, they could get our puzzle.
            The first battle was to play a Play Station game. The battle was held at SMA Negeri 3 Bandung. It was so cool and the result was... We lost the battle. Okay, no problem. We won't let them win on the next battle. 
            The Second battle was at Centrum Music park. We must win a game called Rank 2. The rule was so easy. We have to be the second winner. Our team had to give some participants and the committee asked some quiz. We were the winner. Haha...
            The Third batte was at Lapangan Bali. In the badminton hall we have to play a PC game, FIFA 2015 (if i not mistaken). The result was draw. After that, we went to the soccer field. The game was to took the opponent's scarf and defend our scarf from them. the result... we lost again. There was a chance to win. The techno competition. We have to answer the questions from the committee about the technology in daily life. And we could win the competition.
             There are two games for all the 1st grader at Lapangan Bali. Only 1st grader can fight with the other 1st grader. First was the ball punch and the pull rope game. Ball punch game rule was to hit the opponent using a ball to the feet or body and we have to avoid the ball and be the "last standing" team. We were lost. But in the pull rope game, we were the "last standing" team.
              Then we continue our game to Tongkeng Park. At Tongkeng park we have to make a cat robot using box, tape, bottle, bottle cap, and straws. We win the game. But wait... there were ALIENS! Oh God we have to hit them with water baloon. After some hit, the aliens were lost. Sorry, No Time for puzzles, Aliens!
                The next destination was the Photo park. We took some rest there. At this place, I lost my money. so I could only bought some food and drink which was cheap. Okay, forget that. Back to the game. The game's rule was confusing, so i didn't remember it. But, The important thing was we were the winner.
               After these all exhausting activities, we went back to Lapangan Bali. We ordered to arrange the pieces of puzzle with one condition. The piece of puzzles were different. The 1st grader got pieces for themselves and so the 2nd grader was. We had to arrange all these pieces only with our generation. #32019 cannot collaborate with #32018 and vice versa. 
                And... The winner was... All Participants! Yeah... after these exhausting games, we recieved a best result. And then the event was closed. So exciting isn't it?
                 That's All for now. Thanks for reading and I'm sorry if there any mistakes and missing part. See ya Next Time! 
             























Selasa, 16 Agustus 2016

It's All About Me

        Hi!  Welcome to my blog! I'm Ilham Abdussalam Mazaya. I'm 15 years old. I was born in Bandung, 16th of November 2000. I live at Cetarip Barat Street blok G number 37. I'm the first son. I have the best parents who had feed me, taught me, and gave me everything. 

         I was a student of SD Negeri Gentra Masekdas Bandung. So many memories in that school. Yeah it was 10 years ago and of course, it was the important thing in my life journey. I was a Student of SMP Negeri 13 Bandung and I was graduated in 2016. It was just like yesterday i went to that school. Now I'm a student of SMA Negeri 3 Bandung. It was not easy to join this favorite school. With a hard work, pray, and faith I can Join this school.

          I have only one younger brother. His name is Ibrahim Hafiyyan. He is 13 years old and he's a very good person. He is a student of SMP Negeri 24 Bandung. I hope he can join SMA Negeri 3 Bandung too. 

          My Hobbies are swimming, playing, and reading. If I have a leasure time, I use that for helping the housework, doing my homework, playing games, and sleep (hahaha). I don't like a cooled fried noodle and a bolognese sauce because it's so sour. 

          So, enjoy this blog and stay tune for next posts. See Ya!